Scientific research articles are among the most prestigious documents (Fig. 1) produced today and each paper is counted as a product of knowledge. They are the means by which scientists report their scientific contributions and establish their credibility.

The five-part structure of research papers (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion) serves as the conceptual basis for the content. English serves as the current language of science and collaboration in research and writing-up is now the norm in science. The number of articles authored by teams and number of authors per article is increasing. Team-authored articles are generally noticed to be cited more frequently, indicating greater influence in the discipline.

Research grant application, periodic reports to the funding body, scientific notebooks and data representation, manuscript submission to a journal, reviewers' comments to a submitted manuscript, response to reviewers' comments and manuscript acceptance and related communication with the publisher can be regarded as occluded documents, while conference poster and scholarly article published in a scientific journal are, more or less, public documents.
Fig. 1. An example of research documentation chain of occluded documents (light grey boxes) and public documents (turquoise boxes).

Nowadays more and more publications are available online either open access (OA) or via subscription-based journals. Methods of open science have become more frequent, and this has led to an increase in OA journals, OA publications and publication and data repositories.

For a graduate student, generally the most important forms of publications are scientific articles and a doctoral thesis. Doctoral and licentiate theses at UEF are usually published at the publication series of faculties. The UEF researchers and other experts produce more than 2000 scientific publications each year and approximately two thirds of these are published internationally. Scientific research results are primarily published on international forums, whenever this is suitable for the discipline.

Read more about the publishing process as a whole by studying the sections below.

(8/2023 KH)

< Previous page: 4. Module
Next page: Researcher IDs >