Scientific community has a long established custom of publishing the results of new research. Books and journals form the foundation for the scientific publishing. A scientific publication has a formal structure, a reliable publisher and most of all, a high-quality content: describing, confirming and validating the topic.
A quick check list for the recognition of a scientific publication:
Peer-review = experts of the field have evaluated the paper before publishing permission
Author: position, grade
Publisher: scientific/commercial/ideological, noted, reputation
Affiliation: background organisation of the author
Click the picture to see the video by Dan Reade (2 min 56 sec):
Articles presenting new information on a research (“original article”, “research paper”) are important and respected sources of information. Remember that there can be also other kind of articles available. Watch the video from Western University – Allyn & Betty Taylor Library. (2:12):
The easiness of publishing and spreading information in the Internet causes also some unwanted side effects. The so called predatory journals imitate the real ones, but they don’t have a proper peer-review process or even editors. They just collect money for the articles that are not printable in real scientific journals.
One good indicator for a truly scientific journal is, that it is indexed on recognised databases. Watch a video by University of Manitoba Libraries, how to recognize a predatory journal (1:42) :